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More than half of the people in the United States get their drinking water from groundwater. We rely heavily on groundwater for irrigation as well as drinking.
Sadly, groundwater is vulnerable to contaminants. Man-made substances like gasoline, oil, salt, and chemicals can contaminate groundwater and render it unsuitable for human consumption. Groundwater can be contaminated by materials that flow through the soil from the ground surface.
Groundwater sources can get contaminated with pesticides and fertilizers over time. Toxic chemicals from mining sites, road salt, and spent motor oil may also leak into groundwater. Contamination of groundwater can also occur as a result of untreated septic tank waste and hazardous elements from underground storage tanks and leaking landfills.
The natural ecology can be harmed if the soil is polluted with these pollutants. Toxic to people and plants alike, many of these chemicals pose a danger. For one thing, toxins may seep into our water supply through the soil, which is the "earth's kidney."
A domino effect is set in motion as a result of soil contamination. Soil biodiversity is impacted, organic matter levels are reduced, and the ability of soil to filter pollution is diminished. Soil and groundwater are contaminated, and nutrients in the soil become unbalanced as a result.
Pesticides, petroleum products, radon, asbestos, lead, chromate copper arsenate, and creosote are some of the most common pollutants found in urban soils. Human activities are the primary source of soil pollution in metropolitan settings.
As Pollution Issues explains, soil pollution naturally adds to air pollution by emitting volatile compounds into the atmosphere, and it may also lead to water pollution if harmful chemicals drain into groundwater or if polluted.
Infected soils can release hazardous chemicals into adjoining ground or surface water, where animals and plants consume them and this would lead to further contaminating the water source for humans and other animals.
Contaminated soils can also volatilize and pollute the air in neighbouring structures. Health concerns might arise from exposure to polluted soil when people work or play in it. Soil pollution-related illnesses include skin and eye irritation, headaches, nausea, and vomiting, as well as wheezing, coughing, and discomfort in the chest.
When hazardous compounds are not utilized, stored, or disposed of properly, soil contamination can occur from a wide range of human activities. It's most common in metropolitan areas and old industrial sites, which have been the location of manufacturing or industrial dumping as well as land development and trash disposal.
There are certain soil pollutants, such as agricultural chemicals, that are sprayed on the ground. Subsurface leaks from subterranean tanks, sewer pipes, or landfills discharge the remainder. The presence of harmful compounds in the atmosphere might potentially pose a threat.
As a result, pollution is not necessarily restricted to a single location and can spread to neighbouring land and rivers in rainfall or as a fine dust particle.
I hope this post provides you a good understanding of Ground Contaminition, its causes and impacts. Please feel free to like, comment and share it.
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